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CBSE NOTES ⇒ Class 11th ⇒ Political Science ⇒ Chapter 2. RIGHTS IN THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

Chapter 2. RIGHTS IN THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

Chapter-2


Chapter 2. RIGHTS IN THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION


Required rights: the rights of the individual are required for personal development . These fundamental rights in Part III of the Constitution of India as Indians get .

Rights are needed for the following reasons:
(1) rights are human personality .
(2) civil freedom essential for democracy, because no state can not suppress the civil rights of the arbitrary manner, in a democracy, people are the supreme .
(3) the rights of the arbitrary rule of the powers and functions work on hold .
(4) for relief from poverty and exploitation rights of our Constitution are lots . The Supreme Court has protected civil rights .
Declaration of rights: rights granted by the constitution and the list of protected "rights manifesto says demand raised by Nehru in 1928 .
The realization of civil liberty: civil liberties to the people against the autocratic rulers had to contend gross . It was Swatntrtaaa prohibiting arbitrary arrest, freedom of speech and religious freedom . At first, they were called civil liberties .
Declaration of Human Rights: the revolution of France in 1789 after French National Assembly issued the Declaration a prominent human rights . It was announced that "all human beings are born equal, therefore, their rights should be the same ."
Human rights: to live a normal human life and their personal development should have certain rights to the series in September, ten amendments to the Constitution adopted by the US Congress in 1789 and December by 1791 they became part of the US Constitution . Collectively authorization form (Bill of Rights) is called . The provision had the following rights - freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of religion, the right to peaceful assembly, conference, confiscation of property and the right to the conservation and protection of ruthless punishment .
Public interest litigation in India suffer from poverty and have no means to get relief from harassment, sometimes openly unjust and unconstitutional law of the people there can not .

According to Article 21 of the Constitution, any person except to procedure established by law shall not be denied the right to life and personal freedom .
Rights of persons accused of any crime:
These three types are:
(1) or accused person has committed an offense punishable by law stipulated penalties should not exceed the penalty .
(2) Any person more than once for the same crime can not be prosecuted and punished .
(3) The person accused of any offense against himself can not be compelled to testify .
use of force :
Means the use of force or coercion to compel the accused to do what he wants to do it - like intimidation, hurt, kill or weep, or to illegally imprisoned .
Preventive detention:
Preventive detention without trial run means a person having custody .
The aim of preventive detention:
The aim of preventive detention for the crime committed by a person not to punish, but to prevent him from committing the crime is . Thus it is protective rather than punitive measures .
Any person interned two right:
(I) a right to know on what basis he has been arrested .
(Ii) the right to make representations against the order of detention .
Impact on fundamental rights in an emergency:
(1) has an adverse effect on fundamental rights in the event of emergency . Under which freedom of speech, freedom of assembly-convention, freedom of moving around within the country are suspended .
(2) The Legislature may make laws and an executive who can work in article (article) 19, which go against the rights provided by .
(3) an unexpected emergency, difficult and dangerous situation . It requires immediate action if . The proclamation that the president on the advice of Cabinet .
(4) The freedom, many restrictions on personal freedom are more . In addition, the Constitution provides for preventive detention .
Right against exploitation :
Human-business - when selling items like women and men, let out or otherwise use, as well as women and girls for immoral purposes to do business is also called human trafficking .
Forced labor or forced labor - a person to act against his will and then not pay wages or do not give a fair wage is called forced labor .
Provisions in our Constitution against exploitation are the main two:
(I) prohibiting trafficking and forced labor: Article 23 of the Constitution by the human trade and forced labor has been declared unlawful and forced to work .
(Ii) prohibitions on child labor: child labor, also called child abuse . Children under the age of fourteen years, a factory, shop or mine or otherwise engage in any hazardous work done by children is illegal . 

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