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Notes ⇒ Class 9th ⇒ Science ⇒ 6. Tissues

Notes 6. Tissues - Animal Tissue | Class 9 Science - Toppers Study

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6. Tissues

| Animal Tissue |

Notes 6. Tissues - Animal Tissue | Class 9 Science - Toppers Study


 

Animal Tissue:

The tissues are formed by groups of animal cells are called animal tissue. 

1. Epithelial Tissue: 

The covering or protective tissues in the animal body are epithelial tissues.

Functions of Epithelial Tissue: 

(i) Epithelium covers most organs and cavities within the body.

(ii) It also forms a barrier to keep different body systems separate.

(iii) The permeability of the cells of various epithelia play an important role in regulating the exchange of materials between the body and the external environment. 

Properties of Epithelial Tissue: 

(i) The skin, the lining of the mouth, the lining of blood vessels, lung alveoli and kidney tubules are all made of epithelial tissue.

(ii) Epithelial tissue cells are tightly packed and form a continuous sheet.

(iii) They have only a small amount of cementing material between them and almost no intercellular spaces.

(iv) Anything entering or leaving the body must cross at least one layer of epithelium.

(v) All epithelium is usually separated from the underlying tissue by an extracellular fibrous basement membrane.

Types of Epithelial Tissue: 

(1) Simple Squamous Epithelium : in cells lining blood vessels or lung alveoli, where transportation of substances occurs through a selectively permeable surface, there is a simple flat kind of epithelium. This is called the simple squamous epithelium.

Properties: 

(i) Simple squamous epithelial cells are extremely thin and flat and form a delicate lining.

(ii) The oesophagus and the lining of the mouth are also covered with squamous epithelium. 

(iii) The skin, which protects the body, is also made of squamous epithelium. 

(2) Stratified Squamous Epithelium : Skin epithelial cells are arranged in many layers to prevent wear and tear. Since they are arranged in a pattern of layers, the epithelium is called stratified squamous epithelium.

(3) Columnar Epithelium : Where absorption and secretion occur, as
in the inner lining of the intestine, tall epithelial cells are present. This is called columnar epithelium. 

Properties: 

These are found in the respiratory tract, the columnar epithelial tissue also has cilia, which are hair-like projections on the outer surfaces of epithelial cells.

Functions: 

(i) These cilia can move, and their movement pushes the mucus forward to clear
it. This type of epithelium is thus ciliated columnar epithelium.

(4) Cuboidal Epithelium: This types of epithlium is cuboidal shape and these Cuboidal epithelium (with cube-shaped cells) forms the lining of kidney tubules and ducts of salivary glands. 

Sometimes a portion of the epithelial tissue folds inward, and a multicellular gland is formed. This is glandular epithelium.

Functions: 

(i) It provides mechanical support. Epithelial cells often acquire additional specialisation as gland cells, which can secrete substances at the epithelial surface.

 

 

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Study Materials List:

Notes ⇒ Class 9th ⇒ Science
1. Matter in Our Surroundings
2. Is Matter around us Pure
3. Atoms and Molecules
4. Structure of The Atom
5. The Fundamental Unit of Life
6. Tissues
7. Diversity in Living Organisms
8. Motion
9. Force and Laws of Motion
10. Gravitation
11. Work and Energy
12. Sound
13. Why Do We Fall ill
14. Natural Resources
15. Improvement in Food Resources

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