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CBSE NOTES ⇒ Class 10th ⇒ Science ⇒ 1. Chemical Reactions and Equations

1. Chemical Reactions and Equations

Writing A chemical equation

Chemical Equation:

when a magnesium ribbon is burnt in oxygen, it gets converted to magnesium oxide. This is the statement form of a chemical reaction but it can be write as a following manners

Magnesium + Oxygen → magnesium oxide

        (Reactants)                      (Product)

To write the equation in such manner is called as word equation.

Another method to write chemical reaction;

Mg + O2 → MgO

This is symbolic form to write chemical equations. 

There are two part of a chemical reaction

  1. Reactants: The substances that undergo chemical change in the reaction are the reactants. Example from above equation. Mg and O are reactants.
  2. Procducts: The new substance, formed during the reaction, is the product. Ex. MgO is product, which newer substance produced in reaction.


Writing A chemical equation


A chemical equation represents a chemical reaction. So reactants are on the left hand side (LHS) of arrow and there is written (+) Sign between them. Similarly, Products are on the Right hand side (RHS) of arrow with a plus (+)  sign between them.

Consider this;

Skeletal Chemical Equation

Mg + O2 → MgO

Observe this equation, count and compare the number of atoms of each element on the LHS and RHS of the arrow. There is no equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides. There is a little unbalance in number of atoms of Oxygen. There are 2 on left and 1 on the right of arrow. Unbalance chemical equation is called skeletal equation. hi

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Study Materials List:

CBSE NOTES ⇒ Class 10th ⇒ Science
1. Chemical Reactions and Equations
2. Acids, Bases and Salts
3. Metals and Non-metals
4. Carbon and its Compounds
5. Periodic Classification of Elements
6. Life Processes
7. Control and Coordination
8. How do Organisms Reproduce
9. Heredity and Evolution
10. Light-Reflection and Refraction
11. Human Eye and Colourful World
12. Electricity
13. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
14. Sources of Energy
15. Our Environment
16. Management of Natural Resources

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