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CBSE NOTES ⇒ Class 10th ⇒ Science ⇒ 2. Acids, Bases and Salts

2. Acids, Bases and Salts

page 3



Ions : charged atoms are known as ions.

Ions are two types: 

(I)   Cation: It carries (+) Positive charge on atom.

(II)   Anion: It carries (-) Negative charge on atom.


all acids generate hydrogen gas on reacting with metals, so hydrogen seems to be common to all acids. but all compounds having hydrogen are not acids. As acids have HIon. For example we take three substances,

Vinegar, glucose and alcohal 

The chemical formula are;

Vinegar  → CH3COOH,

Glucose → C6H12O6, 

Alcohal →  CH2CH3OH, 

​These all have hydrogen. 


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Study Materials List:

CBSE NOTES ⇒ Class 10th ⇒ Science
1. Chemical Reactions and Equations
2. Acids, Bases and Salts
3. Metals and Non-metals
4. Carbon and its Compounds
5. Periodic Classification of Elements
6. Life Processes
7. Control and Coordination
8. How do Organisms Reproduce
9. Heredity and Evolution
10. Light-Reflection and Refraction
11. Human Eye and Colourful World
12. Electricity
13. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
14. Sources of Energy
15. Our Environment
16. Management of Natural Resources

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