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Solutions ⇒ Class 8th ⇒ History ⇒ 2. From Trade to Territory

Solutions 2. From Trade to Territory - Additional Questions | Class 8 History - Toppers Study

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Solutions 2. From Trade to Territory - Additional Questions | Class 8 History - Toppers Study

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Chapter 2 History class 8

Additional Questions class 8 History Chapter 2. From Trade to Territory

2. From Trade to Territory

| Additional Questions |

Solutions 2. From Trade to Territory - Additional Questions | Class 8 History - Toppers Study


2. From Trade to Territory 


Question: Name the last powerful Mughal ruler?

Answer: Aurangzeb |

Question: Why did the Mughal Empire weaken?

Answer: After the death of Aurangzeb, many Mughal governors started establishing their respective regional states. This weakened the Mughal Empire.

Question: When and where was the East India Company established?

Answer: East India Company was founded in 1600 in London.

Q: Who did the company to do business with the former (letter of permission)?

Answer: Queen Elizabeth I |

Question: Which Western power first came to India?

Answer: Portuguese |

Question: Who discovered the sea route to India and when?

Answer: Portuguese navigator Vasco di Gama discovered the sea route to India in 1498.

Question: Where was the Portuguese road in India?

Answer: Happened in Goa.

Question: What is the main trade item for European powers?

Answer: Cotton and silk cloth, black pepper, long, cardamom, etc.

Question: When and where was the first English factory (Karkhana) established?

Answer: The first factory was established in 1651 on the banks of river Hooghly.

Question: Who was called the factor?

Answer: The merchants of the company used to run their work from the banks of Hooghly River, these traders were called Factors at that time.

Question: Where and when did the first English factory start?

Answer: The first English factory started in 1651 AD on the banks of the Hooghly River.

Question: What does the Decree mean?

Answer: Decree means a royal order.

Question: Who was the first Nawab of Bengal?

Answer: Nawab Murshid Quli Khan was.

Question: Who was the last Nawab of Bengal?

Answer: Nawab Surajudaula |

Q: How was Plassey named?

Answer: Actually, the real name was Palashi, which was spoiled by the British. This place was called Palashi, due to the flowers of Palash found here.

Question: When did Alivardi Khan die?

Answer: In 1756.

Question: When did the Battle of Buxar take place?

Answer: In 1764 |

Question: How old was Robert Clive when he came to India from England?

Answer: Robert Clive came to Madras in 1743 when he was 18 years old.

Question: Who started the merger policy?

Answer: Lord Dalhousie.

Question: Why was the battle of Palashi considered important?

Answer: The battle of Plassey was important because it was the first major victory of the company in India.

Question: When did the third battle of Panipat take place?

Answer: In 1761 |

Question: Who lost in the battle of Buxar?

Answer: Mir Qasim lost.

Question: Where was Tipu Sultan the ruler?

Answer: Was the ruler of Mysore.

Question: What did it mean to be a Nawab?

Answer: To become a Nawab meant slavery of the British, the company had all the strength and power.

Question: When did Tipu Sultan die?

Answer: On 4 May 1799.

Question: When did Tipu Sultan become the king of Mysore?

Answer: In 1782 |

Question: Write the meaning of Qazi.

Answer: Qazi means a judge.

Question: On what logic was the principle of merger policy?

Answer: This theory was based on the logic that if a ruler dies and has no male heir, then the British used to merge that state with themselves.

Question: Who was called Presidency?

North British areas were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies.

Question: How many and which were the presidencies at that time?

Answer: At that time there were three presidencies, Bengal Madras and Mumbai.

Question: When did Maharaja Ranjit Singh die?

Answer: In 1839 |

Question: Who is called impeachment?

Answer: When a person was accused of misconduct in the House of Commons in England, then in the House of Lords, a person is prosecuted then he is called impeachment.

Question: When was the trial on Warren Hastings released?

Answer: In 1789 |

Question: When did Warren Hasting return to England?

Answer: In 1785 |

Question: When and why did Robert Clive commit suicide?

Answer: Robert Clive was accused of corruption. In 1772, he had to answer the charge of corruption in the British Parliament. Later he was acquitted. But in 1774, he committed suicide.

Question: Who was Chennamma?

Answer: Chennamma was the queen of Kitur in Karnataka?

Question: When and where did Chennamma die?

Answer: Chennamma died in jail in 1829?

Question: How did Rani Chennamma die in prison?

Answer: When the British tried to capture the small kingdom of Kitur, Rani Chennamma took up arms and launched a movement against the British.

Question: How did the East India Company become a colonial power?

answer:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Question: What was the purpose of East India Company coming to India?

Answer: East India Company came from India for the purpose of trade.

Question: Which Indian items were in demand in the European markets?

Answer: There was a huge demand for cotton bastards, silk garments and spices like pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon in Europe markets.

Question: Explain the meaning of the word commercial.

Answer: A business enterprise in which profits are made mainly by trade, by buying things at a cheaper price and selling at a higher price.

Question: Which areas were occupied by the British as a result of the subsidiary treaty?

Answer: Governor-

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