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# Solutions 3. Drainage - Additional Questions With Answers | Class 9 Geography - Toppers Study

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## Solutions 3. Drainage - Additional Questions With Answers | Class 9 Geography - Toppers Study

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Chapter 3 Geography class 9

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## Solutions 3. Drainage - Additional Questions With Answers | Class 9 Geography - Toppers Study

Question1: What is the drainage system?

Answer- The flow system of rivers flowing in an area and the various changes and characteristics resulting from it is called drainage system.

Question2: What is the drainage basin?

Answer- The area through which water flows through a river system is called a drainage basin.

Question3: What is a water separator?
Answer- The process of separating the runoff of two rivers from each other is called water divide.

Question4: Which country has the largest drainage basin in the world?

Answer- The world's largest drainage basin is the Nile river of Egypt.

Question5: What is the dendritic flow mode?

Answer- When a river along with its tributary cuts the surface of the land in a shape resembling the branches of a tree, then it is called diamorphic flow.

Question6: What is a rectangular flow pattern?

Answer- Rectangular flow pattern is formed when the river flows through an area of ​​hard rocks.

Question7: Into which two main categories are Indian rivers divided?

1. Himalayan Rivers

2. Peninsular Rivers.

Question8: Which two main rivers of the Himalayas originate from the northern part of the mountain range?

Question9: What are the different stages of the river?

1. Delta

2. Wirsp

3. Gokhur Lake

4. Source of river

5. Upper part

6. Middle part

7. Lower part.

Question10: Name the major rivers that originate from the Himalayas?

1 Indus

2 Ganga

3 Brahmaputra.
Question11: Which is the largest river basin in India?

Question12: What is a river system?

Answer- A river and its major tributaries are called Tantra.

Question13: Write the length and origin of Indus river?

Answer- The length of the Indus river (2900) km and the origin of the Indus river is in Tibet near Mansarovar lake.

Question14: Describe the Indus Water Treaty?

Answer- According to the Articles of the Indus Water Treaty (1960), India can use only 20 percent of the entire water of this river process.

Question15: Name the two main streams of Ganga?

Answer- The names of two main streams of Ganga are :-

(i) Bhagirathi and (ii) Alaknanda.

Question16: Name the major tributaries of Ganga?

1 Yamuna

2 Ghaghra

3 Gandak

4 Kosi.

Question17: By what name Ganga is called in Bangladesh?

Question18: By what name the river Ganga is called in the Sundarbans delta ?

Question19: Name the world's largest delta?

Question20: What is the length of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Narmada, Tapi, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri rivers?

Answer: Ganga (2500) km, Brahmaputra (2900) km, Indus (2900 km), Narmada (1300) km, Tapi (792) km, Godavari (1500) km, Mahanadi (855), Krishna (1400) km and Kaveri (765) Kilometers |

Question21: By which name the Brahmaputra river is known as in Arunachal Pradesh?

Question22: Name the tributaries of Brahmaputra?

Answer: Dibang, Lohit, Kenula, Tista and Tosi.

Question23: What is the Brahmaputra called in Tibet and in Bangladesh?

Question24: Write the origin of Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapi, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri?

Brahmaputra:- This river originates from the east of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet and very close to the sources of Indus and Sutlej.

Godavari :- Godavari rises from the slopes of Western Ghats in Nasir district of Maharashtra.

Mahanadi :- Mahanadi has its origin from the high land of Chhattisgarh.

Kaveri :- Kaveri originates from the Brahagiri range of West Ghat.

Question25: Which river forms the second largest waterfall in India?

Question26: Write the economic importance of lakes?

Answer: Lakes are very beneficial for humans. Its description is as follows:-

1. It prevents floods during extreme years.

2. Lakes are used to generate hydroelectricity.

3. It normalizes the climate of the surrounding areas.

4. Also keeps the aquatic ecosystem balanced.

5. Natural beauty of lakes and enhances tourism.

Question27: In terms of power to hydroelectric resources, which is the position of India in the world?

Question28: Describe the National River Conservation Plan?

Answer: The first phase of Ganga work was started in 1985. And it was closed on 31 March 2000. This scheme is now expanding to 152 areas located on the banks of 27 rivers flowing between 16 states. Out of total 215 schemes to reduce pollution, out of 69 schemes, so far have been completed. The main objective of this scheme is to reduce the increasing pollution in the rivers.

Question29: Give four differences between the rivers originating in the Himalayas and those originating from the peninsular plateau.

Rivers originating in the Himalayas

1. These rivers are endowed with snow and rain water. That is why she is called Sadanira.

2. All these rivers flow on the plains, they are used extensively in the last nine operations and irrigation.

3. These rivers are young and fast flowing.

4. There are many bifurcations and tributaries of these rivers.

Rivers originating from the peninsular plateau

1. These rivers get water only from water for years. It dries up in summer and winter.

2. These rivers flow on plateau land where nine operations are not possible.

3. These rivers are very old and speedless.

4. The bifurcations of these rivers are in negligible number.

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