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Solutions ⇒ Class 9th ⇒ English Litrature ⇒ Chapter 11. My Childhood

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Chapter 11 English Litrature class 9

NCERT Solution class 9 English Litrature Chapter Chapter 11. My Childhood

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  • Chapter Chapter 11. My Childhood NCERT Solution Class 9

Chapter 11. My Childhood

| NCERT Solution |

Solutions Chapter 11. My Childhood - NCERT Solution | Class 9 English Litrature - Toppers Study

I. Answer these questions in one or two sentences each.

Q1. Where was Abdul Kalam’s house?
Ans. Abdul Kalam’s house was on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram in the former Madras state.
Q2. What do you think Dinamani is the name of? Give a reason for your answer.
Ans. Dinamani could be the name of a newspaper because Abdul Kalam used to try to trace the stories of the Second World War, which his brother-in-law told him, in the headlines in Dinamani.
Q3. Who were Abdul Kalam’s school friends? What did they later become?
Ans. Abdul Kalam had three close friends in school “Ramanandha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan. Ramanandha Sastry took over the priesthood of the Rameswaram temple from his father; Aravindan started a business of arranging transport for visiting pilgrims; and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.
Q4. How did Abdul Kalam earn his first wages?
Ans. During the Second World War, the newspapers were bundled and thrown out of a moving train. Abdul Kalam earned his first wages by helping his cousin, who distributed newspapers in Rameswaram, to catch these bundles.
Q5. Had he earned any money before that? In what way?

Ans. Yes, Abdul Kalam had earned some money before he started helping his cousin. He used to collect and sell tamarind seeds at a provision shop, during the Second World War, earning one anna for a day’s collection.

II. Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (about 30 words)
Q1. How does the author describe: (i) his father, (ii) his mother, (iii) himself?

(i) Kalam’s father, Jainulabdeen was not a wealthy or educated person. However, he was an honest and generous man, who possessed great innate wisdom. He was self-disciplined and avoided all inessential luxuries.
(ii) Kalam’s mother, Ashiamma was an ideal helpmate to her husband. She believed in goodness and profound kindness, and fed many people every day.
(iii) The author describes himself as a short boy with undistinguished looks, who had a secure childhood. He is an honest and self-disciplined person, who believes in goodness and deep kindness.

Q2. What characteristics does he say he inherited from his parents?
Ans. The author inherited honesty and self-discipline from his father, and faith in goodness and deep kindness from his mother.

III. Discuss these questions in class with your teacher and then write down your
answers in two or three paragraphs each.

Q1. “On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups,” says the author.
(a) Which social groups does he mention? Were these groups easily identifiable (for example, by the way they dressed)?
Ans. The author mentions the two major religious groups of India “Hindu and Muslim” as the social groups predominant in Rameswaram.
Yes, these groups were easily identifiable. The factors that demarcated these groups from one another were their dressing sense and the place they lived in. Abdul Kalam wore a cap, which marked him as a Muslim. Besides, he lived on the Mosque Street. On the other hand, his friend, Ramanandha Sastry, wore the sacred thread as he belonged to an orthodox Hindu Brahmin family.
(b) Were they aware only of their differences or did they also naturally share friendships and experiences? (Think of the bedtime stories in Kalam’s house; of who his friends were; and of what used to take place in the pond near his house.)
Ans. They naturally shared friendships and experiences. Abdul Kalam was a Muslim while his friends were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. However, they were tied with a strong bond of friendship. Besides this friendship, during the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, Kalam’s family arranged boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site. Moreover, events from the Ramayana and from the life of the Prophet were the bedtime stories his mother and grandmother would tell the children of their family. All these incidents show that different social groups co-inhabited in Rameswaram.
(c) The author speaks both of people who were very aware of the differences among them and those who tried to bridge these differences. Can you identify such people in the text?

Ans. Kalam mentions two people who were very aware of the differences among the two religious groups. One of them was the new teacher of Abdul Kalam’s school, who did not let Abdul Kalam and his friend, Ramanadha Sastry, sit together. The second person was the wife of Sivasubramania Iyer (Abdul Kalam’s science teacher). She was very conservative
and did not want Kalam to eat in her pure Hindu kitchen. The people who tried to bridge these differences were Lakshmana Sastry (Ramanadha’s father) and Sivasubramania Iyer (his science teacher).
(d) Narrate two incidents that show how differences can be created, and also how they can be resolved. How can people change their attitudes?
Ans. When Kalam was in the fifth standard, a new teacher came to his class. The teacher was a bigot and could not tolerate Kalam, who was a Muslim, to sit with Ramanandha Sastry, who was a Hindu priest’s son. Thus, he changed Kalam’s seat. This broke the heart of the two boys. When Ramanandha Sastry’s father came to know about it, he rebuked the teacher for spreading communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. The teacher apologized and regretted his behaviour. In another incident, Kalam’s science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, invited Kalam for a meal to his house. But his conservative wife refused to serve a Muslim in her pure Hindu kitchen. The unperturbed teacher served Kalam himself and even invited him for another meal the next weekend. Iyer believed that once a person has decided to change the system, such problems have to be confronted. However, by Kalam’s next visit, Iyer’s wife’s views had changed. She took Kalam inside her kitchen and served him food with her own hands. Hence, attitudes can change if we take initiative to resolve the differences.
Q2. (i) Why did Abdul Kalam want to leave Rameswaram?
Ans. Kalam wanted to leave Rameswaram for further studies. He wanted to study at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram.
Q2. (ii) What did his father say to this?
Ans. After giving his consent to Kalam for pursuing his higher studies in Ramanathapuram, Kalam’s father said that he knew Kalam had to go away to grow and follow his dreams.
He gave the analogy of a seagull that flies across the sun alone, without a nest. He then quoted Khalil Gibran to Kalam’s mother, saying that their children were not their own. They were the sons and daughters of Life’s longing for itself. They come through their parents, but not from them. Parents may give love to their children, but not their thoughts, as children have their own thoughts. Analogy = a comparison of two things based on their being alike in some way
Q2. (iii) What do you think his words mean? Why do you think he spoke those words?

Ans. The words he spoke reveal his viewpoint. He believed that at some point of time, children will leave their home and parents, to follow their dreams and to grow as an individual. Just like a seagull flies away alone and finds its own food and nest, children will leave their parents to make their own life and family. Parents can merely nurture their
children with love. They cannot give them their thoughts. The children have their own opinions and beliefs. He spoke these words to comfort Kalam’s mother, who was probably hesitant to let Kalam leave Rameswaram. Besides, he could also be consoling his own self for the same. Short Answer Type Questions

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Study Materials List:

Solutions ⇒ Class 9th ⇒ English Litrature
Chapter 1. The Fun They Had
Chapter 2. The Road Not Taken (Poem)
Chapter 3. The Sound of Music
Chapter 4. Wind (Poem)
Chapter 5. The Little Girl
Chapter 6. Rain on the Roof (Poem)
Chapter 7. A Truly Beautiful Mind
Chapter 8. The Lake Isle of Innisfree
Chapter 9. The Snake and the Mirror
Chapter 10. A Legend of the Northland
Chapter 11. My Childhood
Chapter 12. No Men Are Foreign (Poem)
Chapter 13. Packing
Chapter 14. Reach for the Top
Chapter 15. On Killing a Tree (Poem)
Chapter 16. The Bond of Love
Chapter 17. The Snake Trying (Poem)
Chapter 18. Kathmandu
Chapter 19. A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal (Poem)
Chapter 20. If I Were You

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